[Listed by year of appearance. The titles of all books are in Italics; those of which I am the sole author are in Bold Italics]


The Knights of St John in Jerusalem and Cyprus, c.1050-1310 London (Macmillan); repr.

Palgrave, 2002.

‘The care of the sick in the twelfth-century Order of St John’ (Pamphlet - Glasgow St John



‘The Templars and the castle of Tortosa in Syria: an unknown document concerning the acquisition of

the fortress’, English Historical Review 84:278-88.


Ayyubids, Mamlukes and Crusaders. Selections from the Tarikh al-Duwal wa'l Muluk of Ibn al-Furat

(with Ursula and Malcolm C. Lyons), 2 vols. Cambridge (Heffer).

‘A note on confraternities in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem’, Bulletin of the Institute of Historical

Research 44:301-8.

‘The Assise sur la ligece and the Commune of Acre’, Traditio 27:179-204.


‘Some lesser officials in Latin Syria’, English Historical Review 87:1-26.


The Feudal Nobility and the Kingdom of Jerusalem, 1174-1277 London (Macmillan),  repr.

Palgrave 2002.

‘Government in Latin Syria and the Commercial Privileges of Foreign Merchants’, Relations between

East and West in the Middle Ages, ed. Derek Baker, Edinburgh (University Press), pp. 109-32.


‘The Order of St John in Scotland’ (with P.H.R. Mackay) (Pamphlet - Edinburgh Museums Dept).


What were the crusades? London (Macmillan); 2nd edition London (Macmillan); 1992, 3rd 

edition, Basingstoke (Palgrave), 2002 - translated as Wozu Heilige Kriege? Berlin (Wagenbach), 2003 and as Križarski Ratovi, Split (Verbum), 2007; 2009, 4th edition.

‘Akkon’; ‘Armenien: Das armenische Königreich in Kilikien’; ‘Assise sur la ligece’; ‘Baron:

Königreich Jerusalem’; ‘Bethlehem’; ‘Bohemond I von Tarant’; ‘Burg: Lateinischer Königreich’;

'Burger: ‘Lateinischer Osten’; ‘Chronik: Kreuzzüge und Lateinischer Osten’; ‘Gaston’; ‘Geoffroi

de Sergines’; ‘Gottfried von Bouillon: Auf dem I. Kreuzzug’; ‘Jerusalem. Königreich und

Lateinisches Patriarchat’; ‘Johann von Ibelin, Graf von Jaffa’; ‘Johann von Ibelin, Herr von

Beirut’; ‘Johanniter’; ‘Josselin I’; ‘Josselin II’; ‘Josselin III’; ‘Königtum. Jerusalem’;

‘Kreuzzüge’; ‘Leo I (II), Herr und König von Kilikisch-Armenien’; ‘Leo II (III), König von

Kilikisch-Armenien’, in Lexikon des Mittelalters, Munich (Artemis), 1977-99.

‘The survival in Latin Palestine of Muslim administration’, The Eastern Mediterranean Lands in the

Period of the Crusades, ed. Peter M. Holt, Warminster (Aris & Phillips), pp. 9-22.


‘Latin titular Bishops in Palestine and Syria, 1137-1291’, Catholic Historical Review 64:1-15.

‘The Templars and the Teutonic Knights in Cilician Armenia’, The Cilician Kingdom of Armenia, ed.

Thomas S. R. Boase, Edinburgh (Scottish Academic Press), pp. 92-117.

‘Peace never established: the case of the Kingdom of Jerusalem’, Transactions of the Royal Historical

Society, ser.5, 28:87-102.


‘The title of Godfrey of Bouillon’, Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research 52:83-6.


‘An Approach to Crusading Ethics’, Reading Medieval Studies 6:3-19.

‘Crusading as an act of love’, History 65:177-92. Repr. In Thomas F. Madden, The

crusades: the essential readings, Oxford (Blackwell, 2002); Constance H. Berman, Medieval

religion. New approaches, London (Routledge, 2005).


The Crusades: Idea and Reality, 1095-1274 (with Louise.Riley-Smith), London (Edward Arnold).


‘Reading History: The Crusades’, History Today 32:48-9.

‘The First Crusade and St Peter’, Outremer, ed. Benjamin Z. Kedar, Hans E. Mayer and Raymond C.

        Smail, Jerusalem (Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi Institute), pp. 41-63.

The Franciscans and the Parish of Ascot, 1887-1980 (Pamphlet - Ascot RC parish).


‘The motives of the earliest crusaders and the settlement of Latin Palestine’, English Historical Review 


‘Corrado, marchese di Monferrato’, Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani 29:381-8.


‘Death on the First Crusade’, The End of Strife, ed. David M. Loades, Edinburgh (Clark), pp. 14-31.

‘The First Crusade and the Persecution of the Jews’, Studies in Church History 21:51-72.


‘Further thoughts on Baldwin II's établissement on the confiscation of fiefs’, Crusade and Settlement,

ed. Peter W. Edbury, Cardiff (University of Wales Press), pp. 176-80.


The First Crusade and the Idea of Crusading  London and Philadelphia (Athlone/ University of

Pennsylvania Press) (paperback US 1990, UK 1993).

‘The Venetian Crusade of 1122-1124’, I Communi Italiani nel regno crociato di Gerusalemme, ed Gabriella  Airaldi and Benjamin Z. Kedar, Genoa (University of Genoa), pp. 337-50.


The Crusades: A Short History London and New Haven (Athlone/ Yale University Press), (also in

paperback) - translated as Les Croisades Paris (Pygmalion), 1990; and as Breve Storia delle

Crociate Milan (Oscar Mondadori) 1994; 2005, 2nd ed., as The Crusades. A History, London

and New Haven (Continuum/ Yale University Press); 2014, 3rd ed. (Bloomsbury) –

translated as Die Kreuzzüge, Darmstadt (Philipp von Aabern)


‘The Latin Clergy and the Settlement of Palestine and Syria, 1098-1100’, Catholic Historical Review 



‘Preface’, Chronicles of the Crusades, ed. Elizabeth Hallam, London (Weidenfeld and Nicolson),



‘Kreuzzüge’, Theologische Realenzyklopädie, Berlin (de Gruyter), 20:1-10.

‘Application of Theology to Current Affairs: Memorial Sermons on the Dead of Mansurah and on

Innocent IV’(with David L.d’Avray and Penny Cole), Historical Research 63:227-47.

‘The Motivation of the Earliest Crusaders’, St John Historical Society Proceedings 3 (1990-91), pp. 1-


‘The Crusades, or what happened after Runciman’, St John Historical Society Proceedings 3 (1990-

        91), pp.45-54.


The Atlas of the Crusades (editor) London and New York (Times Books/ Facts on File) – translated as

        Grosser Bildatlas der Kreuzzüge Freiburg, Basel and Vienna (Herder), 1992; and as Atlas des

        croisades Paris (Editions Autremont), 1996.


‘Family Traditions and Participation in the Second Crusade’, The Second Crusade and the Cistercians,

ed. Michael Gervers, New York (St Martin's Press), pp. 101-9


‘History, the Crusades and the Latin East, 1095-1204: A Personal View’, Crusaders and Muslims in

Twelfth-Century Syria, ed. Maya Shatzmiller, Leiden (Brill), pp. 1-17.

‘Present and Past’, The Past and the Present, Problems of Understanding, ed. Andrew Hegarty, Oxford

(Grandpont House), pp. 75-92.


‘The Order of St John in England, 1827-1858’, The Military Orders: Fighting for the Faith and Caring

for the Sick, ed. Malcolm Barber, Aldershot (Variorum), pp. 121-38.


The Oxford Illustrated History of the Crusades (editor) Oxford (Oxford University Press)(paperback

        1997); reissued as The Oxford History of the Crusades (paperback, 1999) - translated into

        Russian Moscow (Kron-Press), 1998, German Frankfurt (Campus Verlag), 1999 and Polish

        Warsaw (Vocatio), 2000.

Cyprus and the Crusades (editor, with Nicholas Coureas) Nicosia (Society for the Study of the

        Crusades and the Latin East and Cyprus Research Centre).

‘The Crusading Movement and Historians’; ‘The State of Mind of Crusaders to the East, 1095-1300’;

and ‘Revival and Survival’, Oxford Illustrated History of the Crusades (see above), pp. 1-12, 66-

90, 386-91.

‘The Crusading Heritage of Guy and Aimery of Lusignan’, Cyprus and the Crusades (see above), pp.


‘Reinterpreting the Crusades’, The Economist 137 no 7946 (December 1995), pp. 37-41.

‘First Crusaders to the East and the Costs of Crusading’, Cross Cultural Convergences in the Crusader

Period, ed. Michael Goodich, Sophia Menache and Sylvia Schein, New York (Peter Lang), pp.



‘Preface’, Autour de la Première Croisade, ed. Michel Balard, Paris (Publications de la Sorbonne), pp.



The First Crusaders, 1095-1131 Cambridge (Cambridge University Press).

Montjoie. Studies in Crusade History in Honour of Hans Eberhard Mayer (editor, with Benjamin Z.

        Kedar and Rudolf Hiestand) Aldershot (Variorum).

 ‘L“idea” della prima crociata nei documenti’, Le Crociate. L'Oriente e l'Occidente da Urbano II a San

Luigi 1096-1270/‘L“idéé” de croisade dans les chartes de la première croisade’, Les croisades.

L'orient et l'occident d'Urbain II à Saint Louis 1096-1270), ed. Monque Rey-Delqué, Milan

(Electa), pp.130-2.

‘King Fulk of Jerusalem and “the Sultan of Babylon”’, Montjoie. Studies in Crusade History in Honour

of Hans Eberhard Mayer, ed. Benjamin Z. Kedar, JonathanS. C. Riley-Smith and Rudolf

Hiestand, Aldershot (Variorum), pp.55-66.

‘Introduction’, The First Crusade. Origins and impact, ed. Jonathan Phillips, Manchester (Manchester

University Press), pp. 1-4.

‘Families, Crusades and Settlement in the Latin East, 1102-1131’, Die Kreuzfahrerstaaten als

multikulturelle Gesellschaft, ed. Hans E. Mayer, Munich (Oldenbourg), pp. 1-12.

‘The Idea of Crusading in the Charters of Early Crusaders, 1095-1102’, Le Concile de Clermont de

1095 et l'Appel à la Croisade. Actes du Colloque Universitaire International de Clermont-

Ferrand (23-25 Juin 1995) organisé et publié avec le concours du Conseil Régional d'Auvergne 

(Collection de l'école française de Rome 236), Rome (Ecole française de Rome), pp. 155-66.

‘Erdmann and the Historiography of the Crusades, 1935-1995’, La primera cruzada, novocientos anos

después: el concilio de Clermont y los origines del movimiento cruzado, ed. Luis Garcia-

        Guijarro Ramos, Madrid (Universidad Autonoma de Madrid), pp. 17-29.


‘Raymond IV of St Gilles, Achard of Arles and the conquest of Lebanon’, The Crusades and their

Sources. Essays presented to Bernard Hamilton, ed. John France and William G. Zajac,

Aldershot (Ashgate), pp. 1-8.

‘Introduction’, The Military Orders. Volume 2. Welfare and Warfare, ed. Helen Nicholson, Aldershot

(Ashgate), pp. xxv-xxviii.


Hospitallers. The History of the Order of St John London (The Hambledon Press), (also in


‘The Crusades’, First Things (October 1999)

‘900 Years of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta’, History Today 49 (November 1999), pp. 2-3.

‘War against the infidels - and other Christians’, Church Times 7137 (26 November 1999), pp. 16-17.


Al seguito delle Crociate Rome (Di Renzo: Dialoghi – Uomo e Società).


Dei gesta per Francos. Etudes sur les croisades dédiées à Jean Richard (editor, with Michel Balard and

Benjamin Z. Kedar) Aldershot (Ashgate).

‘Guy of Lusignan, the Hospitallers and the Gates of Acre’, Dei gesta per Francos.Etudes sur les

croisades dédiées à Jean Richard, ed. Michel Balard, Benjamin Z. Kedar and Jonathan Riley-

Smith, Aldershot (Ashgate), pp. 111-15.

‘The crusading movement’, War, Peace and World Orders in European History, ed. Anja V.Hartmann

        and Beatrice  Heuser, London and New York (Routledge), pp. 127-40.

‘Why apologising for the crusades is futile’, The Catholic Herald 5 October 2001, p. 6.


‘The Origins of the Commandery in the Temple and the Hospital’, La Commanderie. Institution des

ordres militaires dans l'Occident médiéval, ed. Anthony Luttrell and Léon Pressouyre, Paris

(CTHS), pp. 9-18.

‘Christian Violence and the Crusades’, Religious Violence between Christians and Jews. Medieval

Roots, Modern Perspectives, ed. Anna Sapir Abulafia, Basingstoke (Palgrave), pp. 3-20.

‘Religious Violence’, Religious Violence between Christians and Jews. Medieval Roots, Modern

Perspectives, ed. A Sapir Abulafia, Basingstoke (Palgrave), pp. 184-7.

‘Government and the indigenous in the Latin kingdom of Jerusalem’, Medieval Frontiers: Concepts

        and Practices, ed. David Abulafia and Nora Berend, Aldershot (Ashgate), pp. 121-31.

‘Religious Authority’, The Future of the Past. Big Questions in History, ed. Peter Martland, London

        (Pimlico), pp. 1-15.

‘Hospitaller Spirituality in the Middle Ages’, Journal of Spirituality 2: Toward a Spirituality of

        Communion, Rome (Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes

        and of Malta), pp. 17-23.

‘The Politics of War: France and the Holy Land’, The Book of Kings. Art, War, and the Morgan

        Library’s Medieval Picture Bible, ed. William Noel and Daniel Weiss, London (The Walters Art

        Museum and Third Millenium Publishing), pp. 70-81.


Crusades, vols 1, 2 (2002, 2003) (editor with Benjamin Z. Kedar), Aldershot (Ashgate).

‘Casualties and the Number of Knights on the First Crusade’, Crusades 1:13-28.

‘Islam and the Crusades in History and Imagination, 8 November 1898 – 11 September 2001’,

Crusades 2:151-67.


Crusades, vol 3 (2004) (editor with Benjamin Z. Kedar), Aldershot (Ashgate).

The New Cambridge Medieval History 4, 2 vols (editor, with David Luscombe), Cambridge

        (Cambridge University Press), 2004.

 ‘Der Aufruf von Clermont und seine Folgen’, Die Kreuzzüge, ed. Hans-Jürgen Kotzur, Brigitte Klein

        and Winfried Wilhelmy, Mainz am Rhein (Verlag Philipp von Zabern), pp. 51-63.

‘The Crown of France and Acre, 1254-1291’, France and the Holy Land, ed. Daniel H. Weiss and Lisa

Mahoney, Baltimore and London (The Johns Hopkins University Press), pp. 45-62.

 ‘Were the Templars Guilty?’, The Medieval Crusade, ed. Susan J. Ridyard, Woodbridge (Boydell),

        pp. 107-24.

‘The Structures of the Orders of the Temple and the Hospital in c. 1291’, The Medieval Crusade, ed.

        Susan J. Ridyard, Woodbridge (Boydell), pp. 125-43.

‘Further thoughts on the layout of the Hospital in Acre’, Chemins d’outre-mer. Études sur la

Méditerranée médiévale offertes à Michel Balard, ed. Damien Coulon, Catherine Otten-Froux,

Paule Pagès and Dominique Valérien, 2 vols., Paris (Sorbonne), 2:753-64.


Crusades vol 4 (2005) (editor with Benjamin Z. Kedar), Aldershot (Ashgate).

 ‘Preface’, Carmel Cassar and Anthony Calleja, The Hospitaller Order of St John in Malta 1530-1798,

Valletta (Mediterranean Cultural Encounters), p. 5.

‘The military-religious orders. Their history and continuing relevance”, Traditio Melitensis 7:31-39.

‘Gründung und Verwaltung der lateinischen Siedlungen in der Levante’, Saladin und die Keuzfahrer,

ed. Alfried Wieczorek, Mamoun Fansa and Harald Meller, Mainz am Rhein (Philipp von

Zabern), pp. 47-59.

‘Toward an Understanding of the Fourth Crusade as an Institution’, Urbs Capta, ed. Angeliki Laiou,

Paris (Realités Byzantines 10, Lethielleux), pp. 71-87.

 ‘De Kruistocht: een heilige oorlog?’, De Kruistochten, Utrecht (Museum Catharijneconvent), pp. 31-



The crusades, London (Catholic Truth Society).

Crusades vol 5 (2006) (editor with Benjamin Z. Kedar), Aldershot (Ashgate).


Crusades vol 6 (2007) (editor with Benjamin Z. Kedar), Aldershot (Ashgate).

In Laudem Hierosolymitani. Studies in Crusades and medieval Culture in honour of Benjamin Z. Kedar 

(editor with Iris Shagrir and Ronnie Ellenblum) , Aldershot (Ashgate).

 ‘The Military Orders and the East, 1149-1291’, Knighthoods of Christ. Essays on the History of the

Crusades and the Knights Templar, Presented to Malcolm Barber, ed. Norman Housley,

Aldershot (Ashgate), pp. 137-49.

‘Introduction’, Crusades and Interfaith Relations, ed. Michael Lower, Medieval Encounters 13.2,

Leiden (Brill), pp. 185-8.

‘Towards a History of the Military-Religious Orders’, The Hospitallers, the Mediterranean and

Europe. Festschruift for Anthony Luttrell, ed. Karl Borchardt, Nikolas Jaspert and Helen J.

Nicholson, Aldershot (Ashgate), pp. 269-84.

‘Gründung und Verwaltung der lateinischen Siedlungen in der Levante’, Kreuzritter. Pilger, Krieger,

Abenteurer, ed. Schallaburg Kulturbetriebsges, Schallaburg (Schallaburg Kulturbetriebsges),

pp. 83-91.

 ‘The Hospitaller Commandery of Eterpigny and a Postscript to the Fourth Crusade in Syria’, In

        Laudem Hierosolymitani, ed. Iris Shagrir, Ronnie Ellenblum and Jonathan Riley-Smith ,

        Aldershot (Ashgate), pp. 385-93.



The Crusades, Christianity and Islam, New York (Columbia University Press).

Crusaders and Settlers in the Latin East, Farnham (Ashgate).

Crusades vol 7 (2008) (editor with Benjamin Z. Kedar), Aldershot (Ashgate).

 ‘An Ignored Meeting of a Templar Chapter-General’,  Prof. Dr. Işin Demirkent Anisina, ed.

Abdülkerim Özaydin et. al. Istanbul (Dünya), pp. 389-93.

‘The Death and Burial of Latin Christian Pilgrims to Jerusalem and Acre, 1099-1291’, Crusades 7:165-


‘Introduction’, The Military Orders. Volume 3. History and Heritage, ed. Victor Mallia-Milanes,

Aldershot (Ashgate), pp. xxi-xxii.

‘Introduction’, The Military Orders. Volume 4. On Land and by Sea, ed. Judi Upton-Ward, Aldershot

        (Ashgate), pp. 1-2.


Crusades vol 8 (2009) (editor with Benjamin Z. Kedar), Aldershot (Ashgate).

 ‘The Association in the minds of the early Knights Hospitaller of warfare with the care of the sick’,

Ibéria:Quatrocentos/Quinhentos, ed. Armando Luis de Carvalho Homem, José Augusto de

Sotto Mayor Pizarro and Paula Maria de Carvalho Pinto Costa, Porto (Cepese), pp. 251-61.


Templars and Hospitallers as Professed Religious in the Holy Land, Notre Dame (University of

        Notre Dame Press).

‘King Henry II, Patriarch Heraclius and the English Templars and Hospitallers’, Come l’orco dell

        fiaba. Studi per Franco Cardini, ed. Marina Montesano (Florence), pp. 1-7.


‘Prologue: The Knights Templar’, A History of the Middle Temple, ed. Richard Havery, Oxford (Hart),

pp. 1-9.

‘The Templars and their Legislation’, Law as Profession and Practice in Medieval Europe: Essays in

Honor of James A. Brundage, ed. Kenneth Pennington, Farnham (Ashgate), pp. 359-69.


The Knights Hospitaller in the Levant, c.1070-1309, Basingstoke (Palgrave Macmillan). [A

        rewriting of The Knights of St John (1967)].


‘Introduction’, The Military Orders. Volume 5. Politics and Power, ed. Peter Edbury, Farnham

(Ashgate), pp. 1-2.


‘New Approaches to the Hospitallers and the Templars in the central middle ages’, As Ordens

        Militares. Freires, Guerreiros, Cavaleiros, ed. Isabel Cristina F. Fernandes, 2 vols., Palmela

        (Patrocínio à Edição), 2:37-48

‘The Roles of Hospitaller and Templar Sergeants’, Shipping, Trade and Crusade in the Medieval

        Mediterranean, ed. Ruthy Gertwagen and Elizabeth Jeffreys, Farnham (Ashgate), pp. 379-86.


‘Foreword’, Deeds done beyond the Sea. Essays on William of Tyre, Cyprus and the Military Orders

        presented to Peter Edbury, ed. Susan Edgington and Helen Nicholson, Rarnham (Ashgate), pp.





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